NOTAMS for Frankfurt Airport

This is not an official NOTAM source, and NOTAMs may be missing or out of date. Includes only aerodrome-specific NOTAMS.

NOTAM V0862/23: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

V0862/23 NOTAMN Q) EDGG/QPICH/I/BO/A/000/999/5001N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2312192019 C) 2403262359 E) [US DOD PROCEDURAL NOTAM] INSTRUMENT APPROACH PROCEDURE CHANGED RNP Y RWY 07C LNAV/VNAV DA** CAT D: CHG TO 729/1200M 401 (400 - 1200M). CHG CAT D PORTION OF ** ALS INOP NOTE TO: **WHEN ALS INOP **CAT D RVR/VIS TO 1900M. CHG LNAV MDA*** TO: CAT ABCD: 820/1500M 492 (500 - 1500M). CHG *** ALS INOP NOTE TO: *** WHEN ALS INOP, INCREASE VIS TO 2300M, RVR NA. CREATED: 19 Dec 2023 20:19:00 SOURCE: KQZC

NOTAM V0861/23: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

V0861/23 NOTAMN Q) EDGG/QPICH/I/BO/A/000/999/5001N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2312192008 C) 2403262359 E) [US DOD PROCEDURAL NOTAM] INSTRUMENT APPROACH PROCEDURE CHANGED RNP Z RWY 07C LNAV/VNAV DA** CAT D: CHG TO 729/1200M 401 (400 - 1200M). CHG CAT D PORTION OF ** ALS INOP NOTE TO: **WHEN ALS INOP **CAT D RVR/VIS TO 1900M. CHG LNAV MDA*** TO: CAT ABCD: 820/1500M 492 (500 - 1500M). CHG *** ALS INOP NOTE TO: *** WHEN ALS INOP, INCREASE VIS TO 2300M, RVR NA. CREATED: 19 Dec 2023 20:11:00 SOURCE: KQZC

NOTAM V0860/23: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

V0860/23 NOTAMN Q) EDGG/QPICH/I/BO/A/000/999/5001N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2312192001 C) 2403262359 E) [US DOD PROCEDURAL NOTAM] INSTRUMENT APPROACH PROCEDURE CHANGED RNP Y RWY 07R CHG LNAV MDA*** CAT ABCD TO: 780/1400M 452 (500 - 1400M). CHG *** ALS INOP NOTE TO READ: ***WHEN ALS INOP, INCREASE VIS TO 2100M, RVR NA.​ CREATED: 19 Dec 2023 20:05:00 SOURCE: KQZC

NOTAM V0859/23: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

V0859/23 NOTAMN Q) EDGG/QPICH/I/BO/A/000/999/5001N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2312191956 C) 2403262359 E) [US DOD PROCEDURAL NOTAM] INSTRUMENT APPROACH PROCEDURE CHANGED RNP Z RWY 07R CHG LNAV MDA*** CAT ABCD TO: 780/1400M 452 (500 - 1400M). CHG *** ALS INOP NOTE TO READ: ***WHEN ALS INOP, INCREASE VIS TO 2100M, RVR NA. CREATED: 19 Dec 2023 19:56:00 SOURCE: KQZC

NOTAM A0962/24: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A0962/24 NOTAMN Q) EDGG/QMRLC/IV/NBO/A /000/999/5002N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2402202200 C) 2402260400 D) DAILY 2200-0400 E) RWY 07C/25C CLSD. CREATED: 20 Feb 2024 13:05:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A0860/24: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A0860/24 NOTAMN Q) EDGG/QNDCT/IV/BO /AE/000/999/4955N00902E025 A) EDDF B) 2402270600 C) 2402281600 D) 27 0600-1630, 28 0600-1600 E) CHARLIE VOR/DME CHA 115.35MHZ/CH100Y, DME-PART ON TEST. DO NOT USE, FALSE INDICATIONS POSS. CREATED: 14 Feb 2024 14:30:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A0859/24: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A0859/24 NOTAMN Q) EDGG/QOBCE/I /M /AE/000/005/5002N00834E001 A) EDDF B) 2402202200 C) 2403010344 D) FEB 20-23 2200-0344, FEB 27-28 2200-0344, FEB 29 2200-2359, MAR 01 0000-0344 E) MOBILE CRANE IN DEP SECTORS RWY 25C AND RWY 25L: PSN 1590M BEYOND DER RWY 25C, BTN 240M N AND 60M S OF EXTD RCL. PSN 1550M BEYOND DER RWY 25L, 450M N OF EXTD RCL. COORDINATES BTN 500146N 0083046E AND 500135N 0083042E, ELEV 483FT/165FT AGL. NIGHT MARKED. CAUTION CLOSE-IN OBST FOR ALL IFR DEP RWY 25C AND RWY 25L. CREATED: 14 Feb 2024 13:58:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A0803/24: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A0803/24 NOTAMR A6099/23 Q) EDGG/QIUCG/I /NBO/A /000/999/5002N00829E005 A) EDDF B) 2402120722 C) 2405122359 EST E) ILS RWY 25R (Y) UNDER CAT I CONDITION NO AUTOLAND POSS DUE TO RADIATING OPPOSITE ILS. CREATED: 12 Feb 2024 07:24:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A0802/24: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A0802/24 NOTAMR A6098/23 Q) EDGG/QIUCG/I /NBO/A /000/999/5002N00829E005 A) EDDF B) 2402120719 C) 2405122359 EST E) ILS RWY 25R (Z) UNDER CAT I CONDITION NO AUTOLAND POSS DUE TO RADIATING OPPOSITE ILS. CREATED: 12 Feb 2024 07:22:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A0711/24: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A0711/24 NOTAMR A6078/23 Q) EDGG/QIDXX/I /NBO/A /000/999/5002N00829E005 A) EDDF B) 2402061041 C) 2405062359 EST E) THE FOLLOWING CHANGES OCCUR DUE TO REDUNDANCY WITH IFNW/IFWR DME: ILS/DME Z 25R: ADD 13.6DME FRD TO 14.6DME IFNW. ILS/DME Z 25R: ADD 3.3DME FRD TO 4.1DME IFNW. ILS/DME Y 25R: ADD 12.7DME FRD TO 13.7DME IFWR. ILS/DME Y 25R: ADD 3.3DME FRD TO 4.1DME IFWR. REF AIP PAGE AD 2 EDDF 4-2-6 DATED 10 AUG 2023, 4-2-8 DATED 07 SEP 2023. CREATED: 06 Feb 2024 10:41:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A0658/24: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A0658/24 NOTAMN Q) EDGG/QMRHW/IV/BO /A /000/999/5002N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2402050500 C) 2403301700 D) DAILY 0500-1700 E) WIP RWY 18 IN MNM DIST OF 75M WEST FROM RCL. CREATED: 02 Feb 2024 13:41:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A0633/24: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A0633/24 NOTAMN Q) EDGG/QOBCE/IV/M /AE/000/004/5002N00834E001 A) EDDF B) 2402050700 C) 2403151800 D) MON-FRI 0700-1800 E) OBSTACLE CLEARANCE SURFACE PENETRATED BY CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT. PSN 140-190M BEYOND END OF RWY 18, 100-120M W OF RCL. ELEV 341FT/17FT AGL. DAY AND NIGHT MARKED. EQUIPMENT IN DEP SECTOR FOR ALL IFR DEP RWY 18. CREATED: 01 Feb 2024 15:41:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A0622/24: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A0622/24 NOTAMR A0610/24 Q) EDGG/QMAXX/IV/NBO/A /000/999/5002N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2402011209 C) 2403110700 E) TAXI WITH CAUTION DUE TO CHANGED MARKINGS ON THE GA APN. LOCATION OF THE INTERMEDIATE HOLDING POS MARKING ON TWY S23 HAS BEEN CHANGED. CREATED: 01 Feb 2024 12:10:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A0591/24: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A0591/24 NOTAMR A0532/24 Q) EDGG/QMXXX/IV/NBO/A /000/999/5002N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2401311153 C) 2404230700 E) NEW TAXI INSTRUCTION FOR STANDARD TAXI RTE TRANSITION 1 DUE TO CONSTRUCTION MEASURE ON TWY R: TWY U, TWY S, TWY S11, TWY R, TWY S23, TWY S. CREATED: 31 Jan 2024 11:54:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A0572/24: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A0572/24 NOTAMN Q) EDGG/QMXLC/IV/BO /A /000/999/5002N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2401310642 C) 2404241000 E) TWY R CLSD BTN S23 AND S25. TWY R13 CLSD. CREATED: 31 Jan 2024 06:43:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A0534/24: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A0534/24 NOTAMN Q) EDGG/QMXLT/IV/M /A /000/999/5002N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2401300708 C) 2404230700 E) NEW TAXI RESTRICTION FOR A380: TWY S23 BTN TWY S AND TWY R NOT PERMITTED. CREATED: 30 Jan 2024 07:09:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A0533/24: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A0533/24 NOTAMN Q) EDGG/QMXLT/IV/M /A /000/999/5002N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2401300708 C) 2404230700 E) NEW TAXI RESTRICTION FOR A380: TWY S BTN TWY S23 AND TWY S25 NOT PERMITTED. CREATED: 30 Jan 2024 07:08:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A0531/24: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A0531/24 NOTAMN Q) EDGG/QMXCS/IV/BO /A /000/999/5002N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2401301100 C) 2404230700 E) NEW TWY S BTN S23 AND S25 IN OPERATION. REF AIP SUP IFR 20/23. CREATED: 30 Jan 2024 07:06:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A0442/24: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A0442/24 NOTAMN Q) EDGG/QPICH/I /NBO/A /000/999/5002N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2401251151 C) 2403302100 D) DAILY 0400-2100 E) ALL ARR VIA SPESA MAY REQ A RNP-X APCH. PROCEDURE ONLY DURING LOW TRAFFIC DECIDED BY ATC. CREATED: 25 Jan 2024 11:56:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A0395/24: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A0395/24 NOTAMN Q) EDGG/QCACF/IV/BO /A /000/999/5002N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2401250000 C) PERM E) FRANKFURT DELIVERY FREQ CHANGED TO 122.035MHZ. REF AIP AD 2 ALL SID CHARTS. CREATED: 22 Jan 2024 12:25:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A0250/24: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A0250/24 NOTAMR A5454/23 Q) EDGG/QIUCG/I /NBO/A /000/999/5002N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2401161019 C) 2404162359 EST E) ILS (Z) RWY 07L DOWNGRADED TO CAT III (ICAO CLASSIFICATION III/E/3) MINIMUM DH 50FT AND RVR 200M. CREATED: 16 Jan 2024 10:19:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A0236/24: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A0236/24 NOTAMR A5825/23 Q) EDGG/QMXLT/IV/M /A /000/999/5002N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2401151250 C) 2404080600 E) NORTHERN TURN FROM RWY 18 ON TWY L NOT PERMITTED FOR ACFT: A346, A35K, B773 AND A380 AND B773. CREATED: 15 Jan 2024 12:51:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A0235/24: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A0235/24 NOTAMR A5458/23 Q) EDGG/QMXLT/IV/M /A /000/999/5002N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2401151250 C) 2404080600 E) TWY RESTRICTION FOR A345, A359 AND B78X ACFT: LEFT TURN FROM RWY 07R ON TWY M19 NOT PERMITTED. CREATED: 15 Jan 2024 12:50:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A0234/24: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A0234/24 NOTAMR A5457/23 Q) EDGG/QMALT/IV/NBO/A /000/999/5002N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2401151249 C) 2404080600 E) USE OF RWY HOLDING PSN T6 FOR AIRCRAFT WITH WINGSPAN BTN 36M AND 65M (UP TO BUT NOT INCLUDING) NOT PERMITTED. CREATED: 15 Jan 2024 12:49:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A0233/24: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A0233/24 NOTAMR A5456/23 Q) EDGG/QMXLC/IV/BO /A /000/999/5002N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2401151242 C) 2404080600 E) TWY W CLSD S OF TWY DP2. TWY W9 CLSD. CREATED: 15 Jan 2024 12:42:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A0232/24: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A0232/24 NOTAMR A5824/23 Q) EDGG/QFAXX/IV/NBO/A /000/999/5002N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2401151242 C) 2404080600 E) RUNWAY INCURSION ALERTING SYSTEM ON TWY M6 AND TWY M30 NOT YET USABLE. REF AIP SUP IFR 09/23. CREATED: 15 Jan 2024 12:42:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A0231/24: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A0231/24 NOTAMR A5823/23 Q) EDGG/QMXLC/IV/BO /A /000/999/5002N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2401151239 C) 2404080600 E) TWY R CLSD BTN TWY Y AND RWY 18. TWY Y CLSD BTN TWY R AND TWY S. TWY R CLSD BTN TWY S29 AND S33. TWY W7 CLSD. CREATED: 15 Jan 2024 12:40:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A0222/24: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A0222/24 NOTAMR A5252/23 Q) EDGG/QIGXX/I /NBO/A /000/999/5002N00829E005 A) EDDF B) 2401150833 C) 2404152359 EST E) ILS GP RWY 25R Y LTD COVERAGE CHG: USABLE UP TO 15NM BTN 004DEG(L)/003DEG(R) OF RCL. MIN INTERCEPTION ALT 2800FT. CREATED: 15 Jan 2024 08:34:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A0128/24: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A0128/24 NOTAMN Q) EDGG/QMXLC/IV/BO /A /000/999/5002N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2401090730 C) PERM E) TWY S23 WEST CLSD. CREATED: 09 Jan 2024 07:30:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A0127/24: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A0127/24 NOTAMN Q) EDGG/QMPLC/IV/BO /A /000/999/5002N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2401090729 C) PERM E) ACFT STANDS S402, S404, S406, S408, S410, S412, S414, S416, S418 AND S420 CLSD. CREATED: 09 Jan 2024 07:29:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A6933/23: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A6933/23 NOTAMR A6929/23 Q) EDGG/QPOCH/I /NBO/A /000/999/5002N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2312191418 C) 2403192359 EST E) OCA(H) RAISED: LNAV Z RWY 07C ACFT CAT A-D 820 (490)FT. LNAV Y RWY 07C ACFT CAT A-D 820 (490)FT. LNAV X RWY 07C ACFT CAT A-D 820 (490)FT. LNAV/VNAV Z RWY 07C ACFT CAT D 729 (401)FT. LNAV Z RWY 07R ACFT CAT A-D 780 (450)FT. LNAV Y RWY 07R ACFT CAT A-D 780 (450)FT. DUE TO CRANE PSN 500235N 0083245E OR 1160M BEYOND THR RWY 07C, 810M N OF RCL OR 1390M BEYOND THR RWY 07R, 1325M N OF RCL. JIB: 77M, ELEV 568FT/227FT AGL, DAY AND NIGHT MARKED. CREATED: 19 Dec 2023 14:19:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A6838/23: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A6838/23 NOTAMR A6164/23 Q) EDGG/QMPLC/IV/BO /A /000/999/5002N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2312131347 C) PERM E) ACFT STANDS S401 AND S403 CLSD. CREATED: 13 Dec 2023 13:48:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A6492/23: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A6492/23 NOTAMN Q) EDGG/QFIXX/IV/NBO/A /000/999/5002N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2311301433 C) 2402292200 E) IN CASE OF REMOTE DEICING REDUCE PAD OCCUPATION TO A MINIMUM. ENSURE ACFT IS CONFIGURED FOR DEICING UPON ARRIVAL. PRE-DEPARTURE CHECK IF POSS NOT TO BE DONE ON REMOTE DEICING PAD. DEICING PROCEDURE REMAINS UNCHANGED ACCORDING TO AIP EDDF 2.20 LOCAL AD REGULATIONS. CREATED: 30 Nov 2023 14:34:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A6354/23: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A6354/23 NOTAMN Q) EDGG/QMXXX/IV/BO /A /000/999/5002N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2311241025 C) PERM E) NEW CLEARANCE BAR LGT TWY S EAST OF TWY S33 AVBL. CREATED: 24 Nov 2023 10:25:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A5189/23: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A5189/23 NOTAMN Q) EDGG/QPDCH/I /NBO/A /000/999/5002N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2310100938 C) PERM E) ANEKI 5E, SOBRA 7E. AMEND ROUTE DESCRIPTION AS FOLLOWS: 07C: CLIMB ON RUNWAY TRACK TO DF144 (FLY-OVER), AT OR ABOVE 820FT. RT DIRECT DF154 AT OR ABOVE 3500FT, MAXIMUM SPEED 220KTS. 07R: CLIMB ON RUNWAY TRACK TO DF145 (FLY-OVER), AT OR ABOVE 820FT. RT DIRECT DF154 AT OR ABOVE 3500FT, MAXIMUM SPEED 220KTS. DISREGARD PATH TERMINATOR FA WITH WAYPOINT IDENTIFIER RW07C AND RW07R. AT DF144 AND DF145 AMEND PATH TERMINATOR TO READ CF ADD TT 069.7 MT 066 AND A820+. VAR 3.39DEG EAST. AT SEGMENT DF DF154 ADD TURN DIRECTION R. CHANGE IS PERMANENT. REF AIP PAGES AD 2 EDDF 5-7-73, 5-7-77 AND 5-7-79 ALL EFF 10 AUG 2023, 5-7-76 EFF 13 JUL 2023 CREATED: 10 Oct 2023 09:38:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A5188/23: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A5188/23 NOTAMN Q) EDGG/QPDCH/I /NBO/A /000/999/5002N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 2310100935 C) PERM E) ANEKI 2F, CINDY 3F, SOBRA 8F, SULUS 3F, MARUN 1N, OBOKA 5N, SOBRA 8N, TOBAK 3N, SOBRA 7P. AMEND ROUTE DESCRIPTION AS FOLLOWS: 25C: CLIMB ON RUNWAY TRACK TO DF134 (FLY-OVER), AT OR ABOVE 800FT. 25L: CLIMB ON RUNWAY TRACK TO DF135 (FLY-OVER), AT OR ABOVE 800FT. AMEND TABULAR DESCRIPTION AS FOLLOWS: DISREGARD PATH TERMINATOR FA WITH WAYPOINT IDENTIFIER RW25C AND RW25L. AT DF134 AND DF135 AMEND PATH TERMINATOR TO READ CF ADD TT 249.6 MT 246 AND A800+. VAR 3.39DEG EAST. CHANGE IS PERMANENT. REF AIP PAGES AD 2 EDDF 5-7-39 AND 5-7-48 BOTH EFF 10 AUG 2023, 5-7-40, 5-7-43, 5-7-44, 5-7-45, AND 5-7-52 ALL EFF 13 JUL 2023 AND 5-7-41, 5-7-42, 5-7-46, 5-7-47, 5-7-49, 5-7-50, 5-7-51 AND 5-7-53 ALL DATED 13 JUL 2023. CREATED: 10 Oct 2023 09:35:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A4980/23: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A4980/23 NOTAMN Q) EDGG/QILXX/I /BO /A /000/999/5003N00832E005 A) EDDF B) 2310020215 C) PERM E) ILS RWY 25R(Z), DME IFNW: LOC COVERAGE UP TO 17NM IN SECTOR 25DEG(L) - 30DEG(R) IN RELATION TO RCL, UP TO 25NM IN SECTOR 04DEG(L) - 04DEG(R) IN RELATION TO RCL. MNM INTERCEPTION ALT IN THESE AREAS 3000FT MSL AT DIST OF LESS THAN 16,1NM FROM ANTENNA IT IS 2880FT MSL. CREATED: 02 Oct 2023 02:15:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM A3170/22: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

A3170/22 NOTAMN Q) EDGG/QNVXX/IV/BO /AE/000/999/5003N00838E025 A) EDDF B) 2206201202 C) PERM E) FRANKFURT DVORTAC FFM 114.20/CH89X DVOR-PART NOT USABLE IN SECTOR 170DEG TO 180DEG CLOCKWISE: 0 NM - 10 NM BELOW 2800FT AMSL, 10 NM - 20 NM BELOW 5300FT AMSL, 20 NM - 30 NM BELOW 7900FT AMSL, 30 NM - 40 NM BELOW 10700FT AMSL, 40 NM - 50 NM BELOW 13700FT AMSL, 50 NM - 60 NM BELOW 16700FT AMSL, 60 NM - 70 NM BELOW 19900FT AMSL, 70 NM - 80 NM BELOW 23200FT AMSL, 80 NM - 90 NM BELOW 26700FT AMSL, 90 NM - 100 NM BELOW 30300FT AMSL. CREATED: 20 Jun 2022 12:03:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN

NOTAM U0038/11: Frankfurt Airport (EDDF)

U0038/11 NOTAMN Q) EDGG/QFAXX/IV/NBO/A /000/999/5002N00834E005 A) EDDF B) 1105240716 C) PERM E) AD EDDF GEMIL FLIP VAD EDDF 1 AND EDDF - PROCEDURE PAGES EDDF 1 AND EDDF 2 ARE SUSPENDED. FOR NEW PROCEDURE SEE AIP GERMANY VOLUME VFR EDDF. CREATED: 06 Jun 2011 15:47:00 SOURCE: EUECYIYN